Septic Tank Soakaway Size Calculator

Get Access To Septic Tank Kits
Get Access To Septic Tank Calculation Kits

Septic Tank Size Calculator

Septic Tank Sizing Guides: Understanding Your Off-Mains Drainage Needs

If you live in a rural area without access to the mains sewerage network, a septic tank is likely your primary solution for wastewater treatment. But how do you ensure you choose the correct size septic tank for your home or business? This is where septic tank sizing guides become essential.

Why Use a Septic Tank Sizing Guide?

Septic tank sizing tools are crucial for several reasons:

  • Correct Sizing: An appropriately sized septic tank is vital for effective sewage treatment. A tank that’s too small could lead to overflows, system backups, and environmental pollution. A sizing guide helps you determine the perfect tank capacity for your needs.
  • Compliance: Understanding your domestic sewage discharge volume is essential for adhering to UK environmental regulations. The government sets specific limits on the amount of treated wastewater you can release into a watercourse or the ground.
  • Informed Budgeting: The size of your septic tank directly impacts the installation and maintenance costs. A sizing guide allows for more accurate expense projections.

Where to Find Septic Tank Calculation Tools

  • British Water: British Water, a trade association, offers technical guidance on wastewater matters. Their “Flows and Loads” publications provide support in calculating sewage flows from different properties, including homes, businesses, and holiday lets.
  • Government Calculator: The UK government has a helpful tool called “Calculate your sewage discharge” . This focuses on calculating domestic sewage discharges.

How Guides Work

Septic tank sizing guides generally follow a straightforward process:

  • Provide Basic Information: Enter details like the number of properties served by the system and the total number of bedrooms.
  • Estimate Discharge: The guide will calculate your average daily sewage discharge based on typical usage patterns.
  • Offer Recommendations: The tool might suggest suitable sizes for a septic tank or a small sewage treatment plant. It could also clarify if you qualify for General Binding Rules (simplified environmental permits) or if you’ll need a bespoke permit.

Important Factors to Remember

While septic tank sizing guides are excellent resources, keep in mind these additional factors that influence your needs:

  • Occupancy: Will the property be occupied full-time or just seasonally?
  • Ground Conditions: Soil permeability (drainage rate) affects tank size and treatment system choices.
  • Water Usage: Do you use more or less water than average consumption estimates?

In Summary

If you depend on a septic tank for wastewater management, a sizing guide is an invaluable tool to ensure your system works efficiently. By using these guides and understanding UK regulations, you can protect the environment, stay legally compliant, and have a septic system that serves you well.

Septic Tank Sizing: Your Essential Guide for the UK

Homes in rural areas not connected to the mains sewerage network rely on septic tanks for wastewater management. Getting a tank with the right capacity is vital for efficiency and to avoid the environmental hazards of inadequate waste treatment. Here’s how to choose the right size for your home:

Understanding Septic Tank Sizing Calculations

Online septic tank calculators are your best starting point. These tools usually consider:

  • Number of Bedrooms: This offers a general indication of potential occupants in your home.
  • Number of Residents: A more accurate measure of typical wastewater volume.
  • High-Usage Extras: Factor in hot tubs, pools, extra bathrooms, or other appliances that may significantly increase water use.

British Water Flows and Loads: The Definitive Standard

The British Water “Flows and Loads – 4” Code of Practice is the go-to resource for in-depth septic tank sizing. It offers essential advice for homeowners and installers alike. You can find it here:

Complying with General Binding Rules

In the UK, the operation of septic tanks and small sewage systems falls under General Binding Rules designed to prevent pollution. Choosing the correct tank size is key to meeting these regulations.

General Binding Rules affect sizing by:

  • Setting Discharge Limits: Your tank needs the capacity to handle your home’s daily wastewater output while staying within allowed discharge volumes.
  • Impact of Discharge Location: If your tank discharges to ground (via a drainage field) or to a watercourse, there may be different sizing rules and permit needs.

Selecting the Perfect Septic Tank

With the help of calculators, the “Flows and Loads” guide, and a grasp of the General Binding Rules, you’re equipped to find the ideal septic tank size.

More Tips for Success

  • Get Expert Input: If in doubt, always consult a qualified septic tank installer or specialist for the best advice tailored to your property.
  • Plan for the Future: Consider growth in your household or any changes that could increase water use. Your septic tank should allow for expansion.
  • Don’t Skimp on Maintenance: Regular upkeep keeps your septic tank working well and prevents expensive breakdowns.

Leave a comment